badminton : basic, grip, and shot

Sekedar dokumentas pribadi dalam melatih backhand saya yang lemah sehingga tidak bisa melakukan clear shot.

Bagian pertama ini  merupakan beberapa basic badminton yang ternyata bisa dijabarkan istilahnya, baru tahu saya dari sini. Dan sesama anak itb 2007 rupanya, haha😀

Dalam Badminton basic, ada beberapa hal yang harus diketahui

1. Raket

Raket telah mengalami perkembangan setidaknya 5 jenis raket sehingga kita mendapat raket seperti sekarang. Tidak perlu membahasa sejarah, langsung ke raket standar sekarang. Raket sekarang adalah berbahan Carlton graphite/titanium. Jadi agar maksimal, jangan sampai salah pilih raket

2. Shuttle cock

Ada tiga kali perkembangan shuttle, untuk yang sekarang biasa digunakan bulu angsa atau bisa juga bulu sintesis. Reinforced Shuttlecocks Ltd (RSL) adalah pionir dalam membuat shuttle dengan berbagai jenis kecepatan. Jadi silakan pilih cock yang mana yang cocok sesuai dengan pertandingan

3. Lapangan badminton

Lapangan dengan ukuran 13,4 meter x 5,18 m untuk tunggal, sedangkan untuk ganda lebarnya adalah 6,1 meter. Dalam lapangan bisa dilihat pada batas garis samping.

4. Grips

Ada tiga macam basic grip, yaitu basic forehand grip, basic backhand grip, dan universal grip.

Berikut gambarnya

5. Pukulan dasar

a)      Servis tinggi dan rendah : forehand dan backhand

Servis tinggi biasa dipakai pada tunggal atau dalam kondisi bertahan, sedangkan servis rendah biasa digunakan pada ganda atau kondisi menyerang

b)      Dropshot : forehand dan backhand

Sering digunakan seperti tipuan smash, shuttle cocks dari bagian belakang lapanhgan diarahkan ke dekat net lawan, dengan pengaturan gaya dan kekuatan pukulan

c)       Clear : forehand dan backhand

Pukulan ini untuk mengembalikan shuttle cocks yang akan jatuh pada bagian belakang lapangan, sedangkan lawan berada di depan atau tengah bidangnya. Agar lawan tidak mudah maka shuttle cocks juga harus dikembalikan ke bagian belakang lawan dengan bola lambung

d)      Smash : forehand dan backhand

Smash  dapat dilakukan diberbagai bagian lapangan, asalkan kondisinya memungkinkan untuk di smash. Smash dilakukan dengan explosive dan untuk mempekuat pukulan dapat dilakukan jump smash

e)      Lift : forehand dan backhand

Shuttle cocks yang akan jatuh di bagian depan lapangan kita, di pukul jauh ke bagian belakang lapangan lawan. Hal ini dilakukan bila lawan  posisinya dibagian depan, sedangkan shuttle cocks tidak bisa kita smash

f)       Net shot : forehand dan backhand

Shuttle cocks yang akan jatuh di bagian depan lapangan kita, di pukuljuga ke bagian depan lapangan lawan. Diperlukan kecermatan dalam melakukan netting ini.

g)      Push : forehand dan backhand

Biasa digunakan pada permainan ganda, bila tidak dapat digunakan lift karena ada lawan yang sudah bersiap mengantisipasi, maka boah dipukul tipis diatas net sehingga lawan sukar mengembalikan

h)      Block : forehand dan backhand

Dilakukan untuk mengembalikan smash dan dropshot cepat. Shuttle cocks ditempatkan pada bagian depan dan diusahakan tipis diatas net karena lawan yang barus saja melakukan smash atau dropshot sering berada pada bagian tengah lapangan dan sukar bila mendapat bola netting.

Setelah mengetahui basicnya mungkin diperdalam dengan melatih grip kita. Kali ini copas dari sini 😀

Forehand Grip
  • This grip is used to hit shots that are on the forehand side of your body and around the head shots.
  • Hold the racket head with your non-playing hand so that the handle points towards you
  • Your racket face shall be perpendicular to the floor.
  • Place your playing hand on the handle as if you are shaking hands with it.
  • There shall be a V shape in between your thumb and your index finger.
  • The racket handle shall rest loosely in your fingers for greater flexibility.
  • Can try shortening your grip and place it nearer to the shaft to increase control and accuracy when serving and hitting from the forecourt and mid-court.

Backhand Grip

  • This grip is used to hit shots that are on the backhand side of your body.
  • Hold the racket as you would on a forehand grip.
  • Turn the racket anti-clockwise so that the V shape moves leftwards.
  • Place your thumb against the back bevel of the handle for greater leverage and power.
  • The racket handle shall also rest loosely in your fingers.
  • Can try shortening your grip and place it nearer to the shaft to increase control and accuracy when serving and hitting from the forecourt and mid-court.
Possessing a correct Badminton Grip is like having a good head start in a race. Don’t lose out and make every effort to improve your game.

Terakhir beberapa tips mengapa backhand kita sering lemah atau salah. Well, they just give us advices, but the practice is so so so…..  Anyway, the source is here 😀

1)      Incorrect grip. Perhaps the most basic and yet often neglected skill is changing grip. Badminton is played at a faster pace now and therefore it is imperative that basic skills are mastered in order to cope with this change of pace. The only time you could get away with using a forehand grip of sorts, is when the shuttle has already travelled behind you. Then, and only then will a forehand grip present the racket face properly to the shuttle in order to play this shot, although it is extremely difficult.

Tip No1. Practice grip changing whenever you can. It’s a simple thing that can be done whilst watching TV. Refer to my video “Armchair Exercises” to see how simple this is. Make sure you watch your hands initially to check you are holding the racket correctly. Also, practice the bevel grip which is basically a forehand grip but you move your thumb onto the short side if the grip rather than on the larger flat area (almost 10 2 position if you think of your grip like a clock face).

2)      Incorrect footwork. In order to hit any power shot, you need to be positioned correctly. With the backhand, moreso than forehand, your feet need to be firmly on the floor to provide a solid base. That doesn’t mean this shot cannot be played whilst in mid-air as the pros can hit the clear from this way. But, for the majority of players having both feet on the ground is essential to generating the power required to hit a decent backhand clear.

Tip No2. Many players stand with their feet parallel when trying to hit the backhand clear. This isn’t the best position for your feet as it’s not the most balanced. Ideally, you need to move your racket leg a step towards the rear court so you’re almost in a standing lunge position. This provides greater balance and a more solid platform to hit from.

3)      Body position. Whenever I study players with poor backhands, most are so afraid of the bad results they expect to get on their backhand, they fail to prepare properly to hit the shot. After moving towards the backhand, they step to the side and only partially turn the shoulders to hit the shot. This means the racket is starting from the wrong position and following an incorrect path towards the shuttle – an in-to-out path. Unless you’re extremely lucky, the path of the racket will always be different to the direction you wish the shuttle to go. That’s almost like trying to hit a nail into the wall when the starting position and path of the hammer is at one side of the nail – almost impossible to hit straight.

Tip No3. So, you’ve moved to the shuttle and planted your foot. Great! Now turn your body so your back is virtually parallel to the net. Now you’re ready to hit the shuttle as your racket is in the correct zone and flight path towards the shuttle.

4)      Position of the shuttle. To hit a good clear, the shuttle should be struck when it’s in line with your body. If the shuttle is in front of you i.e. closer to the net, then in reality you have the time to hit a round-the-head shot. The majority of errors I see are due to the shuttle being struck from behind the body – the most difficult of shots to master.

Tip No4. Ask your partner to feed a few shuttles into your backhand hitting zone. Move to the shuttle as though you are going to hit your backhand clear. Now, let the shuttle fall to the floor and notice the landing position. Where is it in relation to your body? Repeat 5 times to check for consistency. Is the shuttle landing in the same place? If so, you know how you need to change your positioning in order to be in the right place. Make adjustments and repeat the exercise. It may feel strange but that’s good. Now ask the feeder to lift again and hit a few shuttles. Stop every few and allow the shuttle to hit the floor to check you’re still in the correct position.

5)      Hitting action. There are a number of common hitting faults. If you allow the shoulder to lead, effectively you are turning your body before the hit. This means you change the path your racket must take to connect to the shuttle and generally you end up with an in-to-out action. Another simple mistake here is throwing the whole arm at the shuttle with a big follow through. There is no power or direction in this technique and the clear will always be weak.

Tip No5 Did you ever flick a towel when you were in school? Remember, it was the pull-back action which generated the power. If you simply flicked your towel without this action, not much happened.

This is the type of power hitting action you need with the backhand clear.

  • Point your elbow towards the shuttle, this is your pivot point.
  • Throw your racket at the shuttle and tap as you hit. Do not extend your arm fully with this shot.
  • You should not have a follow through in the hitting action as it’s a bounce-back hit.
  • The racket may move in a follow through line as part of your recovery.

6)      Recovery. No matter what shot you are playing and where you are on court, it is essential that you hit and move. It’s amazing when you watch players how many times they are admiring their shot whilst stationary, rather than hitting, watching and moving. If you don’t recover from the shot, you won’t be in a good position to cover a possible return. The danger here is that some players try to push off from their racket leg whilst playing the shot, which completely changes the path of the racket.

Tip No6. Make sure that as soon as you hit the backhand clear, you move to your base. A simple exercise here is to do a count of: hit, 2, 3. By the time you count 3 you must be on your base. As you move, you can still watch the shuttle. It is possible to watch and move at the same time! Use this technique with all shots and you will get faster on court. It’ll also prove how much you’ve been shuttle watching and wasting time!

7)      Tension. Perhaps the biggest cause of weakness in any power shot is the amount of tension in your body and racket arm. It’s impossible for your muscles to work efficiently and effectively when you’re too tense.

Tip No7. Focus on holding your racket really gently – just enough that it cannot slip out of your hand. Play a few shots on court to get the feel. You’ll probably feel very different. Only tighten your grip a fraction before impact and then loosen again. Once you get comfortable with this, try hitting your backhand clears. You should find you have more power.

If you’ve developed a style over the years that incorporates some or all of these faults, then you can, in time, correct them. But, please be patient. If this is the case, focus on tips 1 and 7 first because they will give you the greatest improvement in the fastest time, especially tip number 7. After that, it’s best to follow in sequence because that’s the sequence of the stroke cycle – move, prepare, hit, recover.

Last but not least, one more time.. beberapa tips yang saya temukan di form, sekali lagi untuk melatih backhand saya yang lemah dan cupu ini…

Q:  i have been searching the forum about wrist training but i cant find what i am looking for. I have a problem with my backhand its too weak. Some thread say wrist training but can you tell me some easy wrist training.

# Now, if you want to practice and strengthen your wrist, there are also ways : you can practice with squash racket, tennis racket, even bottle(with long neck)…anything that is “heavier” than your badminton racket, or can provide “resistance” to your hand/wrist/fingers.. But again, your grip should be the first thing you get right..

# I remember when I did my initial training: long neck bottle. I had to add sand in it to make it heavy for me.

# With my personal experience, I agree with Rexlu… the power in the backhand shot is mostly executed with the fingers. I really have a powerful backhand shot… i can be in the back of the court and easily clear the other end of the court even in awkard positions… in fact my backhand is strong enough to perform smash about 75%-90% as strong as my fronthand smash (my fronthand smash is quite powerful). I don’t beleive that you need so much strenght in your wrist to clear the court… the correct technique is by far more important. So even if you are 13 yo, you should still be able to clear the court from the back of your court… or almost. So i don’t think training your wrist muscle would make a big difference if you have the correct technique. I don’t consider my backhand to be a weakness anymore as i consider it as powerful as my fronthand.

Most people do a backhand shot by fliquing (and breaking) the wrist… although this works, in my experience, it hasn’t provided significant power to clear a court. I don’t really break my wrist when i do a shot (ok but by a negligible amount but the power doesn’t really come from there). First of all, when i do a backhand shot i change slightly my finger position on the racquet compared to that of a fronthand shot. My thumb is securely placed on the grip of the racquet as if i do a “thumbs up”. However the other four fingers are placed on the opposite side of the grip (just as Rexlu mentioned). In such a position your thumb and four fingers constitute a lever. The axis of rotation of the racquet is between your thumb and four other fingers. So to achieve a powerful shot, your rotate your hand (clockwise if you are right-handed and counterclockwise if you are left handed) as if you unlock a door with a key.

The consequence of having this particular grip is that you will need to put your body sideways with one feet in front of the other to perform the shot appropriately. If you are left handed your left feet should be in front and if you are right handed your right feet should be in front of the other leg.

# Clear from back corner of court with backhandAlthough i haven’t really had the chance to practice this yet, i think to clear a shot at high altitude at the far corner of the court with your backhand, you need to do the following:

  1. Depending on the exact trajectory of the shuttlecock, its speed, and your current position, you may have time to position yourself fast enough to the back corner of the court that you might not need to use your backhand to make the shot… in this case use the forehand.
  2. If you can’t do a forehand, but your are already in a good position (such as the back corner of the court) such that the shuttlecock is still in front of you. You can perform the back hand shot that i had explained in an earlier posting of this thread.
  3. If you are in a situation where you don’t have time to position yourself to perform step #1 or #2, you should still try to quickly position yourself towards the back corner of the court (not necessarily completely at the end of the court but rather close to the end) . Also your back should face the net.
  4. So with your back facing the net, you will start your swing with your racquet very low (almost touching the ground) and your knees bent, with your back slightly bent forward. Your wrist will be slightly bent forward and your arm will also be bent slightly. You will start your swing by elevating the first part of your arm (the one between your sholder and elbow) straight up. As the first part of your arm is rising, you must straighthen the second part of your arm relative to the first and you also must straighten your wrist (remember that your wrist and arm was slightly bent initially). As you do this your staigthen your back and straighen your knees. The shot end with a whiping action of your wrist. So if you hit the shuttlecock, you should deliver maximum power to it and should do a nice clear. You will need practice because everything needs to be syncronized properly.
  5. The above describes a long motion of the arm, which takes a fair bit of time to execute compared to any other shots, so it is important to position yourself quickly first. The reason for executing such a long swing is because your wrist tend to not be so strong in the position (and its range of useful motion is limited in this position) where your back faces the net (although this is probably the position that will enable you to deliver the strongest clear with the appropriate technique). The speed at which your racquet travels dictates the velocity of the shuttlecock. In the case of a weak wrist, it is hard to accelerate the racquet in a short distance. However, if we combine the additive motion of the knee, back, arm and wrist, we can now achieve a respectable racquet speed. Of course in order for all the motions to add up constructively we need to syncronize the body motion appropriately. In addition, we need to hit the shuttlcock at the correct angle to deliver distance.
  6. Since this is a long motion that involves your whole arm and wrist, etc… it is expected that it requires a lot of energy to perform compared to other shots…. but if this is the only way to make an appropriate clear and give you the time to re-position yourself appropriately for the next incoming shot… then great!!

Yang terakhir dari saya. Dikasih tips simpel dari temen and it works on me :

“Coba kalau mau backhand pegang gagang raketnya lebih ke atas. Walaupun mengurangi jangkauan raket terhadap kok, tapi itu akan memberikan kamu power pukulan lebih dan akurasi arah pukulan”

Selamat berlatih, bung😀

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